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Forts and Palaces in Agra


Founded by Sultan Sikandar Lodi in the year 1506, Agra lies on the banks of the Yamuna River in India. One of the most important cites in the medieval period Agra served as the capital of the Mughal emperors from 1526 to 1658. A major tourist destination in India today, Agra is home to some of the finest palaces, forts, mausoleums and gardens in India. Travelers from all over India and the world come here to admire the fascinating architectural gems. Some of the important forts and palaces in Agra include Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri and the Jahangir Mahal. Bestowed by UNESCO as world heritage sites most of the forts and palaces in Agra are praised for their unmatched architecture and grandeur.

Below is a list of the important forts and palaces in Agra

Agra Fort

Agra Fort was built in 1565 by the Mughal emperor Akbar. Standing firm on the banks of the River Yamuna this fort in Agra is another gem on the crown of the city. Originally constructed to serve as a military establishment the fort was later turned into a Palace by Shah Jahan. Also referred to as the Red Fort the Agra fort is 2.5 km in length and 20 feet high. Built entirely in red sandstone the fort encompasses beautiful marble palaces, such as the Jahangir Palace and the Khas Mahal, audience halls, such as the Diwan-i-Khas; and two attractive mosques. Almost a city within a city this monument in Agra attracts tourists from all over the world.

Jahangir Mahal

One of the most remarkable buildings inside Agra Fort is the Jahangir Mahal (Jahangir's Palace). A place meant especially for the relaxation of the royal women the Janahngir Mahal was mainly used by the Rajput wives of Akbar. Serving as a grand gateway to some of the most glorious sights inside the fort this palace in Agra was constructed in Indo Islamic style of architecture. The walls and gateways portray magnificent carvings of animal and floral motifs that area prime precedent of Rajasthani style of architecture whereas the verandahs on the eastern front with exquisitely slender pillars facing the riverfront adorned with gold and precious gems is a perfect example of the Islamic style of art.

Seesh Mahal & Khas Mahal

Placed opposite to each other are the two most striking pieces of Mughal architecture constructed by Jahangir (Akbar's son) and Shahjahan (Akbar's grandson). Built completely in white marble these two palaces are fine examples of jali and stone work. The Khas Mahal overlooks the splendid Angoori Bagh (grape garden) and the Seesh Mahal overlooks the riverfront. On either side of the gardens are the residential quarters of the women. The Seesh Mahal is decorated with myriad glass pieces and a central fountain.